Danaus plexippus Assembly and Gene Annotation

About Danaus plexippus

Each autumn millions of the migratory Monarch Butterfly, Danaus plexippus, undergo a long-distance migration of up to 4,000 km from eastern North America to their wintering grounds in central Mexico. During this migration, the Monarch uses a time-compensated sun compass to allow them to maintain a southerly direction. In addition to the great opportunities for studying circadian clockwork and the molecular basis of long-distance migration, the mimicry complex formed by the Monarch and the Viceroy butterflies offers insights into adaptive evolution.

Picture credit (Creative Commons BY 2.0): Thomas Bresson 2010


The Dpv3 assembly, provided by MonarchBase, has 5,395 supercontigs and a genome size of ~250Mb.


Ensembl Metazoa presents the OGS2.0 dataset from MonarchBase, with the addition of RNA genes from the Ensembl Genomes pipeline.


  1. The monarch butterfly genome yields insights into long-distance migration.
    Zhan S, Merlin C, Boore JL, Reppert SM. 2011. Cell. 147:1171-1185.



AssemblyDpv3, INSDC Assembly GCA_000235995.2,
Database version94.3
Base Pairs241,867,267
Golden Path Length248,577,651
Genebuild byMonarchBase
Genebuild methodImport
Data sourceMonarchBase

Gene counts

Coding genes15,128
Non coding genes713
Small non coding genes713
Gene transcripts15,841

About this species