Anopheles quadriannulatus (AquaS1)

Anopheles quadriannulatus Assembly and Gene Annotation

The Anopheles quadriannulatus data and its display on Ensembl Genomes are made possible through a joint effort by the Ensembl Genomes group and VectorBase, a component of VEuPathDB.

About Anopheles quadriannulatus

Anopheles quadriannulatus A belongs to the Anopheles gambiae species complex, which consists of at least seven species, it is found in southern Africa and is not considered to be a malaria vector.


Originally isolated in South Africa the colony subsequently undergone rounds of isofemale selection prior to genome sequencing. The SANGWE strain is a synonym for the SANGQUA strain (this strain is available from BEI resources).

Source: VectorBase

AquaS1 assembly

This assembly was generated using 101 bp paired-end Illumina HiSeq2000 reads generated from three libraries: a 180 bp insert 'fragment' library, a 1.5 kb 'jump' library, and a 38 kb 'fosill' library. Sequencing template for the fragment and jump libraries was derived from genomic DNA extracted from a single individual, which was preserved by freezing at -80C. Native genomic DNA was used for the fragment library and whole genome amplified DNA was used for the jump library. Template for the fosill library was generated from a pooled extraction of many individuals. Reads were assembled at the Broad Institute using the ALLPATHS LG algorithm, with the Haploidify option enabled to address high allelic heterozygosity in the template.

AquaS1.12 gene set

Community annotation patch build for July 2019



AssemblyAquaS1, INSDC Assembly GCA_000349065.1, Mar 2013
Database version104.1
Golden Path Length283,828,998
Genebuild byVEuPathDB
Genebuild methodMaker genebuild
Data sourceVectorBase

Gene counts

Coding genes13,436
Non coding genes404
Small non coding genes402
Long non coding genes2
Gene transcripts14,304


Short Variants11,069,637

About this species